The rapid urbanization growth of the next years requires a significantly increased demand for space in the cities. Buildings are constructed by-and-large in conventional steel-concrete constructions. The increasing shortness of resources as well as increasing prices for raw materials are making wood more interesting as a construction material. Furthermore, (high-rise) buildings also have an untapped potential for energy production and storage. Constructed buildings are usually made as individual prototypes, which causes high construction costs and long planning and construction times. Modular construction types, on the other hand, provide cost security and lead to a significant optimization of quality and economics. All these considerations were the motivator for the creation of a product in the construction business, which can lead to the reduction of dependency on conventional construction materials and energy types. This project is thus building on the results of prior projects, during which the technical feasibility of a wooden high-rise building have been researched and the initial ideas for durable building developments had been worked out (achtplus, Immo Rate, inkl.wohnen).
Contents and Objectives
The goal of the project LifeCycle Tower was to develop a flexible, modular, ready-to-build wooden construction system for the construction of energy-efficient office high-rise buildings with up to 20 floors. Additional emphasis was placed on the construction of matching building and facade technology, which also contributes to going from an energy-using to an energy-producing building and thus contributes to a building industry which is CO2-neutral.
During the subject-matter research project the following main goals were defined:
Development of a ready-to-build, flexible "wooden construction system" (modular construction type):
- for high-rise buildings of up to 20 floors
- for use as offices, apartments and/or hotels
- with the most efficient energy concept possible
- with a positive energy balance sheet.
The goal of the project LifeCycle Tower is to develop a wooden construction system for the first time as a new, independent product which meets the requirements of fire protection, acoustics and payload.
An integrated planning process was applied to the entire project, which means that representatives of all areas of knowledge (architecture, static, facility management, building technology, etc.) had worked jointly through the essential tasks in their entirety. Another central element was carrying out theoretical simulations, which were checked and confirmed with real trials (e. g. an attempted fire).
At the end of the project the following results had been achieved:
- a comprehensive building concept for construction, building technology and facade
- a wooden modular construction system as a new, independent product, which meets the requirements for fire protection, acoustics and payload
- a product- and manufacturer-neutral building technology-layout incl. facade concept
- energy design for a plus-energy-house
- ready-to-file planning for a fictitious location
- lifecycle-orientated economical calculations
- a CO2-balance and certification.
The entire building system was geared towards its technical and economical feasibility as well as ecological criteria. Therefore a product was created which is significant and which offers cost security during the entire lifecycle. This was achieved through a modular, wooden construction system type, which can be industrially made and which forms the core structure of an energy-optimized facade system. For this, building technology, facade and construction were forming an interdependent total system.
Prospects / Suggestions for future research
The findings of the subject-matter research project shall be shown as a next step through a demonstration project and shall be optimized further.